Latest Updates on Diversity Visa Lottery 2019

It’s time to register for the Diversity Visa Lottery (DV Lottery), an opportunity not to be missed for anyone who dreams of moving permanently to the United States.

Participating in the annual lottery is one of the ways the US Department of State has approved to get the Green Card, the document that gives permanent residence in the United States, resulting in opportunities to live and work without restriction of time and place within the USA.

Each year, starting from 1990, the US government provides a total of 50,000 Green Cards for people born in countries that historically have a low immigrant rate to US. (except for Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, South Korea, United Kingdom and the dependent territories, Vietnam).

To participate in the lottery you must submit your application electronically through the official website of the State Department (https://www.dvlottery.state.gov).

Registration on the government website is free (beware of the many agencies that offer paid registrations through unauthorized portals), but it is essential to pay attention to and comply with the law requirements to be considered valid for the assignment of the Green Card once selected from the automatic lottery system.

It is recalled that every year, most of the electronically selected applications are immediately eliminated due to the lack of photo requirements and / or incorrectly entered personal information.

After this preliminary information on the DV Lottery, it is considered necessary to provide an update on the sessions in progress.

The window originally scheduled for the 2019 session began on October 3, 2017 and ended on November 7, 2017, granting, like every year, approximately one month for submitting applications.

However, at the opening of the session, many days of inactivity of the electronic system and silence were followed by the US Department of State.

Only yesterday, after about ten days of disservice, an official statement was issued, which reads as follows:

Due to a technical problem, the registration period DV-2019 started on October 3 was closed. Entries submitted during the 3-10 October period are not valid and have been removed from the system and will not be considered as duplicate entries. The technical problem has been resolved and a new full entry period will start at noon, legal time EST on Wednesday, 18 October 2017 and will continue until noon on Wednesday, 22 November 2017. Only registrations submitted during this period will be accepted and considered for selection in the lottery. Delete any confirmations or other documentation you have in the possession of applications submitted during October 3-10.

It is therefore extremely important for those who are interested in participating in the DV Lottery – 2019 to submit their application from 18 October 2017.

In addition to this, remember to print and keep your confirmation number, the only tool to be able to control the outcome of the lottery from May 15, 2018.

The DV Lottery 2019 session will most likely be the last opportunity to award the permanent residency in the United States through this mode.

A few days ago, a representative of the new Trump administration announced publicly that the abolition of DV Lottery as of next year will be one of the main points of reform of the migration system.

For this, it is even more important to present – and present properly! – your application.

For more information on how to attend and meet the requirements, please feel free to contact our law firm. We will be happy to assist you and take part in your “American dream”.

For more information, please contact us at legalassistant@pspalaw.com or contact us at +1 305 3737016.

Article edited by Cav. Piero Salussolia, Esq. And Dr. Federica Magni with the collaboration of Adriana Trujillo.

Adriana Trujillo is a real estate professional with more than 15 years of experience in Real Estate, Investments and Financial Services. With deep knowledge of Transactions and Real Estate Investments and Real Estate Market Research. Extensive experience in the South Florida Real Estate Market and Latin American Real Estate Market. For any question you can contact her via email adriana.trujillo@terracc.com or by phone at +1 (239) 825 4832.

______________________________________________________

This article contains general information and does not replace in any way the help of a lawyer. We suggest you seek professional help for further information and assistance. The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based solely upon advertisements. Before you decide, ask us to send you free written information about our qualifications and experience. Founded in 1994 by Piero Salussolia, Piero Salussolia P.A. provides specialized, dedicated service to an international clientele on International and Domestic Tax and Estate Planning, Real Estate and Corporate Law, Intellectual Property, Commercial and Civil Law. Born in Alice Castello, Italy, Piero Salussolia has been practicing law in the United States and is a member of the Florida since 1985 and California Bars since 1984. Piero Salussolia was a member of the Florida Tax Section (where he served as Vice Chairman of the Foreign Tax Committee from 1989 to 1992) and the Florida International Law Section. Piero Salussolia was a founder of the Italy-American Chamber of Commerce, South East Chapter, where he served as Executive Vice President. Piero Salussolia graduated from the Universitá Degli Studi, Turin, Italy, with a doctorate degree in Political Science. He received his Master’s degree in Political Science from San Francisco State University, his Juris Doctor from the University of San Francisco and his Master in Taxation from New York University. He started his legal career with a prominent Miami law firm and subsequently joined the local office of a leading worldwide firm where he became an international partner concentrating in International Tax Law. For his services to the Italian community, Piero Salussolia has been knighted by the Italian Republic. Piero Salussolia is fluent in Italian, Spanish and French.




EB-5 the Million Dollar Green Card

July 2014

Foreign which invest in a business that qualifies for the EB-5 Visa program and meet the U.S. Citizen and Immigration Services Immigrant’s (“USCIS”)

requirements on capital investment amount and job creation, are able to obtain, together whit their spouses and children under 21, a permanent residency green card, also commonly referred to as the “Million Dollar Green Card”. 

The EB-5 Pilot Program provides for investments that are affiliated with an economic unit known as Regional Centers (“RC”). New entries continue to flood onto the USCIS list of approved RC. The following four Florida EB-5 RC have been recently approved by USCIS: Sunshine State RC Inc., U.S. Immigration Fund, United States Growth Fund LLC and City of Miami RC. At the end of May, the City of Miami, after a 10-month RC application process, finally has received approval for designation as an EB-5 RC for foreign investments under the (“USCIS”) investment visa program. The City of Miami RC will be one of the few government-owned and managed RC in the United States. The new designation essentially allows the City to assist foreign nationals who want to participate in the EB-5 visa program. 

Moreover, the new EB-5 Director, Nicolas Colucci, oversaw the transition of the processing of I-924 to the new Immigrant Investor Program Office (“IIPO”) in Washington D.C and – during the stakeholder conference call held by USCIS on February 26, 2014 – expressed optimism that the move to the IIPO would lead to shorter processing times. Recent processing time reports shows that the I-924 application processing time was approximately 12 months. USCIS released updated processing time dates as of April 30, 2014, which shows USCIS is processing I-924 applications in approximately 4.4 months, which is less than half of the most recently published previous processing time. 

We believe that those are great news for foreign investors, the City of Miami and all Florida and can confirm that the EB-5 program continues to gain popularity and success among investors.

Cav. Piero Salussolia, Esq.

Avv. Gemma A. Caterini (admitted only in Italy). 

This article was written with effort and dedication in order to provide valuable information on diverse topics. Please feel free to share this information with your colleagues and friend so long as you do not modify or alter its contents and our contact information.




EB-5 IMMIGRANT INVESTOR PROGRAM

November 2013

TIPS

The EB-­‐5 for Immigrant Investor it’s a program that provides a method of obtaining a green card for foreign nationals who invest money in the United States by:

 

  1. Creating a new commercial Enterprise, or
  2. Investing in a Troubled Business.

There are two distinct EB-­‐5 pathways for an immigrant investor to gain lawful permanent residence for themselves and their immediate family, the Basic Program and The Immigrant Investor Pilot Program (“Pilot Program”).

EB-­‐5 requirements for an investor under the Pilot Program are essentially the same as in the standard EB-­‐5 investor program, except the Pilot Program provides for investments that are affiliated with an economic unit known as a “Regional Center.”

Both programs, Basic Program and Pilot Program, require that the immigrant make a capital investment in a commercial enterprise located within the United States. The capital investment has to be of either $500,000 or $1,000,000, depending on whether the investment is in a Targeted Employment Area or not.

Each year, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) is authorized to grant 10,000 EB-­‐5 visas. Of these, 3,000 are for TEAs, another 3,000 are for investment in Regional Centers, and the remaining are open to any investment that qualifies under the guidelines.

One of the requirements is to create or preserve at least 10 full-­‐time jobs for qualifying U.S. workers within two years of the immigrant investor’s admission to the United States as a Conditional Permanent Resident.

Acquiring lawful permanent residence (“Green Card”) through the EB-­‐5 category is a three step self-­‐petitioning process. The processing time for these filings is of approximately five to six months and includes the following:

  • File a Form I – 526, Petition by Alien Entrepreneur; and
  • Upon approval of the Form I-­‐526 petition, either:
    • File a Form I-­‐485 -­‐ Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status -­‐ with USCIS to adjust status to conditional permanent resident within the United States,
    • File a DS-­‐230 -­‐ Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration -­‐ with the Department of State to obtain an EB-­‐5 visa for admission to the United States.
  • Upon the approval of the I-­‐485 application or upon entry into the United States with an EB-­‐5 immigrant visa, the EB-­‐5 investor (and his or her derivative family members) is granted conditional permanent residence for a two-­‐year period;
  • 3. File Form I-­‐829, Petition by Entrepreneur to Remove Conditions, 90 days prior to the two-­‐ year anniversary of the granting of the EB-­‐5 investor’s conditional resident status (Green Card). If USCIS approves this petition, the conditions are removed from the EB-­‐5 applicant’s status and the EB-­‐5 investor and derivative family members will be allowed to permanently live and work in the United States.

Background

In order to stimulate the United States economy -­‐ through job creation and capital investment by immigrant investors, in 1990 Congress enacted the Immigrant Investor Program, also known as EB-­‐5, which was extended by Congress in 1992 whit the Pilot Program for investors in Regional Centers designated by Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Congress further extended the Basic Pilot Program in 2003.

Of the 130,000 visas allocated between 1992 and 2004, only 6,024 visas were issued to immigrant investors and their dependent family members. Of this group, only 643 investors were successful in removing the conditional requirement and receiving full permanent resident status. The forgoing prompted more program reforms. One such reform was the creation of the Investor and Regional Center Unit (“IRCU”) o January 19, 2005. This specialty unit of USCIS has oversight of the EB-­‐5 program, including case auditing, form design, regulation development, and policy creation. The formation of the IRCU has led to better coordination and increased reliability in the EB-­‐5 program. The changes hold the promise of making the EB-­‐5 process more user-­‐friendly in terms of processing times and responsiveness to investors’ concerns.

Indeed, while only 129 individuals were admitted as EB-­‐5 conditional residents in FY 2004, 806 individuals obtained conditional resident status in FY 2007. In 2009, President Obama extended the EB-­‐5 Immigrant Investor Pilot Program until September 30, 2012. President Obama reauthorized a three year extension on September 28, 2012 which will extend the EB-­‐5 Immigrant Investor Pilot Program until 2015.

Recently released data shows that the number of petitions has increased from 332 in 2005 to 4,156 in 2012 and, during that same period, approval rates have raised from 53% to 79%.

EB-­‐5 Individual Petition Filing Receipts

Fiscal Year and/or Quarter

Form I-­‐526 Petition

Form I-­‐829 Petition

 

FY12 Q3

4,156

3,002

FY11

3,805

2,345

FY10

1955

768

FY09

1028

437

The Program

The EB-­‐5 for Immigrant Investor it’s a program that provides a method of obtaining a green card for foreign nationals who invest money in the United States by:

  1. Creating a new Commercial Enterprise*, or
  2. Investing in a Troubled Business**.

As already said, there are two distinct EB-­‐5 pathways for an immigrant investor to gain lawful permanent residence for themselves and their immediate family, the Basic Program and The Immigrant Investor Pilot Program (“Pilot Program”).

EB-­‐5 requirements for an investor under the Pilot Program are essentially the same as in the standard EB-­‐5 investor program, except the Pilot Program provides for investments that are affiliated with an economic unit known as a “Regional Center”***

Initially, under the first EB-­‐5 program, the foreign investor was required to create an entirely new Commercial Enterprise.

However, under the Pilot Program investments can be made directly in a job-­‐generating commercial enterprise new, or existing -­‐ “Troubled Business”, or into a “Regional Center” -­‐ a 3rd party-­‐managed investment vehicle (private or public), which assumes the responsibility of creating the requisite jobs. Regional Centers may charge an administration fee for managing the investor’s investment.

Together with California and Washington, Florida is one of the States with the highest numbers of Regional Centers. Please be aware that the Regional Center designation does not mean that the Regional Center’s capital investment projects are backed or guaranteed by the government.

Both programs, Basic Program and Pilot Program, require that the immigrant make a capital ****investment in a commercial enterprise located within the United States. The capital investment has to be of either $500,000 or $1,000,000, depending on whether the investment is in a Targeted Employment Area or not (“TEA”)*****.

Each year, USCIS is authorized to grant 10,000 EB-­‐5 visas. Of these, 3,000 are for TEAs, another 3,000 are for investment in Regional Centers, and the remaining are open to any investment that qualifies under the guidelines. All EB-­‐5 investors must invest in a commercial enterprise in the United States. In the case in which is a commercial enterprise established on or before Nov 29, 1990 the enterprise has to be:

    1. Purchased and the existing business is restructured or reorganized in such a way that a new commercial enterprise results; or
    1. Expanded through the investment so that a 40-­‐percent increase in the net worth or number of employees occurs.

One of the requirements is to create or preserve at least 10 full-­‐time****** jobs for qualifying U.S. workers within two years of the immigrant investor’s admission to the United States as a Conditional Permanent Resident.

Under the Basic Program only direct jobs******* are qualified, direct jobs within the commercial enterprise into which the EB-­‐5 investor has directly invested his or her capital. Investments within a Regional Center provide foreign nationals the added benefit of allowing them to count jobs created both directly and indirectly******** for purposes of meeting the job creation requirement.

________________________

*

Commercial enterprise means any for-­‐profit activity formed for theongoing conduct of lawful business including, but not limited to:
–  A sole proprietorship
–  Partnership (whether limited or general)
–  Holding company
–  Joint venture
–  Corporation
–  Business trust or other entity, which may be publiclyor privately owned
This definition includes a commercial enterprise consisting of a holdingcompany and its wholly owned subsidiaries, provided that each suchsubsidiary is engaged in a for-­‐profit activity formed for the ongoingconduct of a lawful business. Note: This definition does not includenoncommercial activity such as owning and operating a personalresidence.

**

  1. A Troubled Business is an enterprise that has been in existence for atleast two years and has incurred a net loss during the 12 or 24 monthsperiod prior to the priority date on the immigrant investor’s Form I-­‐

526. The loss for this period must be at least 20 percent of theTroubled Business net worth prior to the loss.

 

***

  1. Regional Center is defined as any economic entity, public or private, which is involved with the promotion of economic growth, improved regional productivity, job creation and increased domestic capital investment. “Regional Center” designation from USCIS must submit a proposal, supported by economically or statistically valid forecasting tools. USCIS maintains a list of approved EB-­‐5 Regional Centers  by State.

****

  1. Capital means cash, equipment, inventory, other tangible property,cash equivalents and indebtedness secured by assets owned by thealien entrepreneur, provided that the alien entrepreneur is personallyand primarily liable and that the assets of the new commercialenterprise upon which the petition is based are not used to secure anyof the indebtedness. All capital shall be valued at fair-­‐market value inUnited States dollars. Assets acquired, directly or indirectly, byunlawful means (such as criminal activities) shall not be consideredcapital for the purposes of section 203(b)(5) of the Act.

*****

  1. Targeted Employment Area (“TEA”) is defined by law as “a ruralarea or an area that has experienced high unemployment of at least150 percent of the national average.” AND a Rural Area is any areaoutside a metropolitan statistical area (as designated by the Office ofManagement and Budget) or outside the boundary of any city or townhaving a population of 20,000 or more according to the decennialcensus.

******

  1. Full-­‐time employment means employment of a qualifying employeeby the new commercial enterprise in a position that requires aminimum of 35 working hours per week. In the case of the ImmigrantInvestor Pilot Program, “full-­‐time employment” also meansemployment of a qualifying employee in a position that has beencreated indirectly from investments associated with the Pilot Program.

*******

  1. Direct jobs are actual  identifiable  jobs  for  qualified  employees located within the commercial enterprise into which the EB-­‐5 investor has directly invested his or her capital

********

  1. Indirect jobs are those jobs shown to have been created collaterally or as a result of capital invested in a commercial enterprise affiliated with a regional center by an EB-­‐5 investor. A foreign investor may only use the indirect job calculation if affiliated with a  regional  center. Note: investors may only be credited with preserving jobs in a Troubled Business.

 

Application process steeps

An investor can apply for the Immigrant Investor Program if they are already in the U.S. on a different visa or if they are applying from abroad.

The initial application is the submission to USCIS of form I-­‐526, which must include explanation and evidence showing: that the capital investment has been made or is being made in a new commercial enterprise, that the capital used in the investment was lawfully gained, that the investor will be managing the new enterprise, and a business plan that includes the creation or preservation of full-­‐ time jobs.

Evidence that investment is being or has been made includes but is not limited to bank statements showing deposit in US bank accounts, evidence of assets purchased (such as sales receipts and invoices), evidence of property transferred from abroad to the US (such as commercial entry documents or bills of lading), evidence of money transferred or committed to be transferred to new enterprise in exchange for stock, or evidence of loan, mortgage, promissory note or other evidence of borrowing secured assets.

Note that the investment does not have to be completed and the jobs do not have to be created at the time of the initial application for an EB-­‐5 visa; the investor only must demonstrate a commitment to invest the capital and a business plan sufficient for the creation of 10 jobs to qualify for a conditional green card.

Acquiring lawful permanent residence (“Green Card”) through the EB-­‐5 category is a three step self-­‐petitioning process. The processing time for these filings is of approximately five to six months:

    1. File a Form I – 526, Petition by Alien Entrepreneur;
    2. Upon approval of the Form I-­‐526 petition, either:
      1. a) File a Form I-­‐485 -­‐ Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status -­‐ with USCIS to adjust status to conditional permanent resident within the United States, or
      2. File a DS-­‐230 -­‐ Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration -­‐ with the Department of State to obtain an EB-­‐5 visa for admission to the United States.

Upon the approval of the I-­‐485 application or upon entry into the United States with an EB-­‐5 immigrant visa, the EB-­‐5 investor (and his or her derivative family members) is granted conditional permanent residence for a two-­‐year period;

  1. File Form I-­‐829, Petition by Entrepreneur to Remove Conditions, 90 days prior to the two-­‐ year anniversary of the granting of the EB-­‐5 investor’s conditional resident status (Green Card). If USCIS approves this petition, the conditions are removed from the EB-­‐5 applicant’s status and the EB-­‐5 investor and derivative family members will be allowed to permanently live and work in the United States.

The EB-­‐5 visa gives the investor, their spouse and unmarried children under age 21 two-­‐year conditional legal permanent residency, or a conditional green card. The conditional green card gives the investor and their family the same privileges as a green card without conditions except that the investor must apply before the end of the two-­‐year period to have the conditions removed.

The investor applying for permanent residence based on the EB-­‐5 classification need not have a particular background or any experience at all. Regulations for the EB-­‐5 classification are silent on characteristics of the investor. Successful petitioners have included students, relatively young adults, retirees, petitioners with limited English language ability and no prior investment, managerial or entrepreneurial skills or experience, and investors with no management experience or entrepreneur skills.

Form I-­‐526 Petition Final Actions and Final Action

Percentages for FY09 -­‐  FY11 & FY12 Q3

 

FY12 Q1

60

14

22

 

 

FY11

278

123

58

 

 

FY10

152

78

41

FY12 Q3

3,002

79%

775

21%

FY11

1,563

81%

371

19%

FY10

1,369

89%

165

11%

FY09

1,262

86%

207

14%

 Tables Source
EB-5 Investor Visa Program

 

Cav. Piero Salussolia , Esq.

Avv. Gemma Caterini (admitted only in Italy)

 

IUS GENTIUM By: Piero Salussolia P.A.




EB-5 IMMIGRANT INVESTOR PROGRAM

L’EB – 5 prevede la possibilità di ottenere una Green Card investendo nello sviluppo di una nuova attività imprenditoriale negli Stati Uniti o ricapitalizzando un’impresa locale in perdita, tecnicamente una “Troubled Business”. Esistono due modi per l’investitore straniero di ottenere una Green Card per se stesso e per i suoi diretti familiari, il Programma EB­‐5 Base e quello Pilota di seguito insieme anche i Programmi.

L’investimento può essere di US$1.000.000 o US$500.000, diretto o in partnership con un’unità economica chiamata “Regional Center” (“RC”). Perché l’investimento sia meno oneroso è necessario farlo in un’area depressa o rurale, c.d. “Targeted Employment Area” (“TEA”), di cui un elenco è disponibile presso “United States Citizenship and Immigration Services” (“USCIS”). Perché l’investimento sia in partnership con la RC è necessario partecipare al Progetto Pilota.

L’USCIS è autorizzato a rilasciare, ogni anno, 10,000 visti EB-­‐5. Di questi, 3,000 sono destinati agli investimenti effettuati nelle TEA, altri 3,000 agli investimenti effettuati attraverso le RC, i rimanenti 4,000 sono assegnati agli investitori che si qualificano secondo le linee guida dei Programmi.

Uno dei requisiti dei Programmi è di creare/preservare -­‐ entro due anni dal momento in cui l’investitore è ammesso negli Stati Uniti con un permesso di Residenza Permanente sottoposto a condizione -­‐ almeno dieci posti di lavoro a tempo pieno.

La procedura per ottenere un visto EB-­‐5 dura dai cinque ai sei mesi ed è composta dai tre passaggi fondamentali che seguono:

  1. presentazione          del     Form      I-­‐526    -­‐   Domanda      di partecipazione  dell’investitore  straniero;  e
  2. a    seguito    dell’approvazione    della    Domanda    di partecipazione, alternativamente:
    1. presentazione del Form I-­‐485 – Domanda di ottenimento dello status di Residente Permanente o cambio  di  status  – all’USCIS  per  l’ottenimento dello status di Residente Permanente sottoposto a condizione;
    2. presentazione del DS-­‐230 – Domanda per visto da immigrante – presso il Dipartimento di Stato per l’ottenimento del visto EB-­‐5 e relativa ammissione negli Stati Uniti.

A seguito dell’approvazione della Domanda di cui all’I-­‐485 o dell’ingresso negli Stati Uniti con un visto EB-­‐5, all’investitore e ai suoi diretti familiari verrà garantita la condizione di Residente Permanente sottoposto a condizione, per due anni.

     3. Presentazione del Form I-­‐829 -­‐ Richiesta di rimozione della condizione cui allo stato di Residente Permanente – questa         richiesta deve essere presentata all’USCIS entro i novanta giorni che precedono la data di scadenza della   Residenza               Permanente sottoposta a condizione. Laddove l’USCIS accetta la richiesta, la condizione è rimossa e l’investitore, insieme         ai diretti familiari, otterrà la Residenza Permanente con il relativo beneficio di poter vivere e lavorare negli Stati Uniti.

 

Background

Nel 1990 -­‐ con l’intenzione di favorire l’economia americana attirando capitali esteri da investire in imprese che avrebbero creato e/o conservato posti di lavoro, a tempo pieno, per almeno dieci cittadini americani -­‐ è stato lanciato, il nuovo visto per investitori stranieri, l’”EB-­‐5 Immigrant Investor Program” (l’”EB-­‐5”); nel 2002 esteso, su proposta USCIS, con il lancio di un relativo Programma Pilota, la cui durata è stata prorogata, dal Congresso, nel 2003.

Dei 130,000 visti EB-­‐5 stanziati tra il 1992 e il 2004, solo 6,024 sono stati rilasciati a investitori stranieri e loro diretti familiari. Di quest’ultimo gruppo solo 643 investitori sono riusciti a rimuovere la condizione e ricevere lo status di Residente Permanente. Gli scarsi risultati ottenuti hanno portato a delle riforme nei Programmi, una delle quali è rappresentata dall’istituzione, nel gennaio del 2005, dell’“Investor and Regional Center Unit” (“IRCU”). A quest’unità speciale è stata affidata la supervisione dei Programmi che ha portato a un miglior coordinamento degli stessi e a un aumento della loro funzionalità. I cambiamenti hanno aiutato i Programmi a divenire più snelli innalzando, contestualmente, la sensibilizzazione verso le esigenze degli investitori.

Laddove durante, l’anno fiscale 2004, solo 129 investitori hanno ottenuto la Residenza Permanente sottoposta a condizione, nel 2007, tale Residenza è stata ottenuta da 806 investitori. Nel 2009, il Presidente Obama ha esteso il Programma Pilota fino a settembre 2012. Sempre il Presidente Obama ha nuovamente esteso il Programma Pilota per 3 anni, fino al 2015

Recenti dati mostrano che le richieste di visto sono aumentate da 332 che erano nel 2005 a 4,156 nel 2012 e, nello stesso periodo, la percentuale di visti approvati è aumentata passando da un 53% a 79%.

Anno Fiscale e/o Trimestre Presentazione Form I-­‐526 Presentazione Form I-­‐829
FY12 Q3

4,156

3,002

FY11

3,805

2,345

FY10

1955

768

FY09

1028

437

IL Programma

Attraverso il visto EB-­‐5 gli investitori stranieri posso ottenere una Green Card investendo capitali negli Stati Uniti in uno dei due seguenti modi:

  1. avviando una nuova attività imprenditoriale;
  2. ricapitalizzando un’impresa esistente in perdita.

Come abbiamo già accennato I Programmi sono due, quello Base e quello Pilota. Una delle differenze più indicative tra I due Programmi, per il resto molto simili tra loro, è data dalla possibilità, prevista solo dal Programma Pilota di eseguire l’investimento in partnership con un RC.

Inizialmente, il primo Programma EB-­‐5, non prevedeva la possibilità di poter investire in un’attività imprenditoriale preesistente, era possibile esclusivamente avviare una nuova attività. Attraverso il Programma Pilota è ora possibile investire sia in una nuova sia in un’attività preesistente purché quest’ultima sia in perdita, o anche tramite un RC – una parte terza, pubblica o privata, che fa da veicolo all’investimento e si assume la responsabilità della creazione/preservazione degli obbligatori dieci posti di lavoro. Va tenuto presente che la partnership potrebbe avere un costo e che, nonostante ciò, gli investimenti attraverso le RC non hanno alcuna garanzia governativa. Insieme alla California e a Washington, la Florida è uno degli Stati con il maggior numero di RC.

L’investimento di capitale può essere, alternativamente, di $500,000 o $1,000,000, perché sia di $500,000 è necessario che venga effettuato in un’area depressa o rurale riconosciuta come tale dall’USCIS e rientrante nella lista delle TEA.

Nell’ipotesi in cui lo straniero intendesse investire in un’attività commerciale preesistente, avviata il 29 novembre 1990 o prima, dovrà:

  1. acquistare l’attività, riorganizzarla e ristrutturarla affinché risulti essere una nuova attività imprenditoriale; o
  2. attraverso l’investimento di capitale, espandere l’attività fino a ottenere un incremento pari al 40%, alternativamente, del personale impiegato o del valore netto dell’attività.

Come accennato, uno dei requisiti dei Programmi è quello di creare/preservare dieci posti di lavoro a tempo pieno per cittadini statunitensi entro i due anni in cui l’investitore straniero è Residente Permanente sottoposto a condizione.

Il Programma Base prevede che solo i posti di lavori creati direttamente dalla nuova attività siano computabili al fine del raggiungimento del tetto dei dieci posti. Il Progetto Pilota, al contrario, consente di calcolare anche i posti di lavoro creati indirettamente.

La Procedura

L’investitore che intende qualificarsi per il Programma può farlo dall’estero o anche dagli Stati Uniti laddove si trovi sul territorio con un tipo di visto differente.

Il primo passo è sottoporre all’USCIS il Form I-­‐156 dimostrando che l’investimento è stato fatto in una nuova attività commerciale e il capitale proviene da fonti lecite; infine, è richiesto un business plan che rappresenti come si intende creare/preservare i dieci posti di lavoro a tempo pieno.

Al fine di documentare che l’investimento è stato eseguito, tra gli altri, potranno essere presentati: gli estratti bancari a dimostrazione del trasferimento del capitale presso una banca americana; le fatture e/o ricevute a dimostrazione degli acquisti dei beni necessari all’attività; le bolle di accompagnamento merce a dimostrazione del trasferimento di beni dall’estero agli Stati Uniti. Infine, sarà necessario dimostrare il trasferimento, o la promessa di trasferimento, del capitale in cambio di azioni, l’eventuale ottenimento di un finanziamento, mutuo, pegno o altro titolo di prestito a garanzia della nuova attività.

E’ bene notare che l’investimento non deve essere completato e i posti di lavoro non devono essere creati al momento della prima domanda per ottenere un EB-­‐5; in questa fase, come visto, l’investitore deve esclusivamente produrre il suddetto business plan e dimostrare il proprio impegno a investire il capitale nell’attività imprenditoriale.

La procedura ha una durata di circa 5/6 mesi e, come visto, consiste in tre passaggi fondamentali

  1. presentazione     del     Form     I-­‐526,   Domanda     di partecipazione dell’investitore straniero; e
  2. a    seguito    dell’approvazione    della    Domanda    di partecipazione, alternativamente:
  • presentazione del Form I-­‐485 -­‐ Domanda di ottenimento dello  status  di  Residente  Permanente o cambio di status – all’USCIS per l’ottenimento dello status di Residente Permanente sottoposto a condizione;
  • presentazione del DS-­‐230 – Domanda per il visto da immigrante – presso il Dipartimento di Stato per l’ottenimento del visto EB-­‐5 e relativa ammissione negli Stati Uniti.

A seguito dell’approvazione della Domanda di cui all’I-­‐485 o dell’ingresso negli Stati Uniti con un visto EB-­‐5, all’investitore e ai suoi diretti familiari verrà garantito, per due anni, lo stato di Residente Permanente sottoposto a condizione.

  1. Presentazione del Form I-­‐829 -­‐ Richiesta di rimozione della condizione di cui allo stato di Residente Permanente – questa richiesta deve essere presentata all’USCIS entro i novanta giorni che precedono la data di scadenza della Residenza Permanente sottoposta a condizione. Laddove l’USCIS accetta la richiesta, la condizione è rimossa e l’investitore, insieme ai diretti familiari, otterrà la Residenza Permanente con il relativo beneficio di poter vivere e lavorare negli Stati Uniti

Tramite il visto EB-­‐5 l’investitore, il coniuge e i figli non coniugati che hanno meno di ventuno anni, ottengono la Residenza Permanente sottoposta a condizione o Green Card condizionata. Quest’ultima offre gli stessi privilegi di una Green Card non soggetta a condizione con l’eccezione secondo cui, alla scadenza del termine dei due anni, l’investitore deve richiedere che la condizione sia rimossa.

Nel caso dell’EB-­‐5 l’investitore non deve avere alcuna esperienza specifica. I Programmi non si esprimono circa le caratteristiche che deve possedere l’investitore. Il visto EB-­‐5 è stato concesso a studenti, persone giovani, pensionati, persone che non parlano fluentemente la lingua inglese e non hanno alcuna esperienza in investimenti, cosi come persone che non hanno alcuna esperienza in campo imprenditoriale e/o manageriale

Form I-­‐526

Percentuali per gli Anni 2009 -­‐ 2011 & 2012 fino al terzo trimestre

Anno e Trimestre Form I-­‐526 Approvati

Percentuale
%

Form I-­‐526 Negati

Percentuale
%

2012/Q3

3,002

79%

775

21%

2011 1,563 81% 371 19%
2010 1,369 89% 165 11%
2009 1,262 86% 207 14%

Form I-­‐829

Percentuali per gli Anni 2009 -­‐ 2011 & 2012 fino al terzo trimestre

Anno e Trimestre Form I-­‐829 Approvati

Percentuale
%

Form I-­‐829 Negati

Percentuale
%

FY12 Q3 639 94% 42 6%
FY11 1,067 96% 46 4%
FY10 274 83% 56 17%
FY09 347 86% 56 14%

Form I-­‐924

Percentuali per gli Anni 2009 -­‐ 2011 & 2012 fino al terzo trimestre

Anno e Trimestre

Form I-­‐924 Ricevute

Form I-­‐924 Approvati

Form I-­‐924 Negati
FY12 Q3 48 8 13
FY12 Q2 54 8 9
FY12 Q1 60 14 22
F11 278 123 58
FY10 152 78 41

Fonte dati: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Cav. Piero Salussolia,Esq. 
Avv. Gemma Caterini (admitted only in Italy)

Il presente articolo contiene informazioni di carattere generale e non sostituisce in alcun modo l’assistenza di un avvocato. Quest’articolo è stato scritto con impegno e dedizione al fine di fornire informazioni aggiornate sull’argomento trattato. Siete invitati a condividere queste informazioni con i vostri colleghi e amici, purché i contenuti, il richiamo allo Studio e i nostri contatti non siano modificati o rimossi.

IUS GENTIUM By: Piero Salussolia P.A.